[renaissance instruments]

[baroque instruments]



[plucked instruments ]

Medieval bowed instruments


Fidel or fiddle is a medieval bowed instrument. The design and shape of the instrument comes from surviving illustrations. The soundboard is occasionally arched, most essentially flat. Usually are instruments without frets and the bridge on the belly is low. Some of them have all strings placed on the fingerboard (like a violin ) other have drone strings side of the pegholder and off to the side of the neck. Fiddles on ancient paintings have between 3 and 5 strings. In his Tractatus de Musica Jerome of Moravie (13th century) mentions instruments and tuning for fiddles with 4 and 5 strings.

Medieval types of fiddles persisted on paintings for some time still in the 16th century.

Fresco from Giotto's school dated 1320 - Abbey of Santa Maria in Sylvis, Sesto al Reghena, Italy







reconstructed instrument based on the original with four strings on the fingerboard and one drone side of the pegholder

Fresco with fidel by Master Armirigus 1381 - crkva sv. Antuna opata, Æminj, Croatia

a five-stringed fidel with an arched soundboard and a string length of 38 cm




 a reconstruction of a larger fidel with 4 or 5 strings on the fingerboard and one drone based on two diffrent (one front and the other behind of the instrument)13th century miniatures




Copyright © Marco Ternovec , 2003-2012 - All rights reserved

All materials contained in this web site including images may not be reproduced ,displayed, published or used by any means without the written permission of Marco Ternovec, Laboratorio di Luiteria Antica